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Management of tomato leaf mould caused by Cladosporium fulvum with trifloxystrobin
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The protective, curative and eradicant activity of the strobilurin fungicide trifloxystrobin against Cladosporium fulvum on tomatoes was determined under growth chamber and greenhouse conditions. In growth chamber experiments chlorothalonil applied at 100 ug ml-1 was used as standard fungicide treatment. Seven-week-old tomato plants, hybrid Alma F1, were inoculated by conidial suspension. Protective treatments were carried out by spraying plants 24, 48 and 96 h before inoculation at the doses of 5, 10 and 20 ug a.i. ml-1. Curative treatments were carried out with the same doses, at the same time intervals after inoculation. Additionally, spray treatments were applied after the appearance of the symptoms to evaluate the anti-sporulant activity of the fungicides tested. Protective treatments of trifloxystrobin applied 24 and 48 h before inoculation provided disease control higher than 88% at all the application doses tested, while only the dose of 20 ug a.i. ml-1 was highly effective when applied 96 h before the inoculation of the plants (IOP). The curative treatments were less effective than the protective treatments. Post-inoculation treatments of trifloxystrobin at 10 or 20 ug ml-1 were efficacious only when applied 24 or 48 h after IOP, with limited activity when applied 96 h after inoculation. Eradicant treatments of trifloxystrobin provided satisfactory anti-sporulant activity when applied at the dose rate of 20 ug ml-1. Applications of trifloxystrobin at the rates of 5 or 7.5 g a.i. 100 l?1 of spray solution carried out during a 2-year period (2004-2005), in the greenhouse, demonstrated the validity of the above findings, providing control efficacy values higher >90%. Moreover, during both years of the study, applications of trifloxystrobin either at 5 or 7.5 g a.i. 100 l-1, reduced spore production significantly on diseased tomato leaves. The results of the study showed that trifloxystrobin may play a crucial role as part of an integrated chemical control programme for tomato leaf mould caused by C. fulvum.
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 Record created 2007-10-26, last modified 2019-06-17

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