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Polyamine titer in the embryonic axis and cotyledons of Glycine max (L.) during seed growth and maturation
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Active polyamine metabolism occurs in Glycine max (L.) seeds during development. Most (>=97%) of putrescine (Put), spermidine (Spd), spermine (Spm), and cadaverine (Cad) are present as free forms in the growing embryo. In the cotyledon or embryonic axis, Put decreases to a nearly undetectable level, while Spd level sharply increases as seed dry weight accumulation progresses. Spm level in the axis also increases along with the Spd level. There is little change in Spm level in the cotyledons. Maturation and dehydration results in a slight reduction of Spd level in the cotyledons. Cad is present in relatively large quantities (5.5-12 micromoles per gram dry weight) in the axis of mature soybean seeds. Only traces of Cad, as expressed on a dry weight basis, are found in the developing or mature cotyledons. The synthesis and accumulation of Cad in the axis begins at the time when the axis or the seed accumulates 30-50% of its maximum dry weight. The Cad accumulation (0.8 nanomole per axis per day) proceeds until the later stages of dehydration. When soybean plants are subjected to complete defoliation and shade during the midpoint of seed maturation, Cad accumulation in the axis and seed dry weight accumulation ceased almost immediately. The treatment, however, does not affect the viability of soybean seeds. [AS/SS]
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 Record created 1985-05-31, last modified 2019-03-04

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