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Abscisic acid and its relationship to seed filling in soybeans
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The effect of exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) on the rate of sucrose uptake by soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) embryos was evaluated in an in vitro system. In addition, the concentrations of endogenous ABA in seeds of three soybean Plant Introduction (PI) lines, differing in seed size, were compared to their seed growth rates. ABA (10-7 molar) stimulated in vitro sucrose uptake in soybean (cv Clay) embryos removed from plants grown in a controlled environment chamber, but not in embryos removed from field-grown plants of the three PI lines. However, the concentration of ABA in seeds of the three field-grown PI lines correlated well with their in situ seed growth rates and in vitro [14C] sucrose uptake rates. Across genotypes, the concentration of ABA in seeds peaked at 8.5 micrograms per gram fresh weight, corresponding to the time of most rapid seed growth rate, and declined to 1.2 micrograms per gram at physiological maturity. Seeds of the large-seeded genotype maintained an ABA concentration at least 50% greater than that of the small-seeded genotype throughout the latter half of seed filling. A higher concentration of ABA was found in seed coats and cotyledons than in embryonic axes. Seed coats of the large-seeded genotype always had a higher concentration of ABA than seed coats of the small-seeded line. It is suggested that this higher concentration of ABA in seed coats of the large-seeded genotype stimulates sucrose unloading into the seed coat apoplast and that ABA in cotyledons may enhance sucrose uptake by the cotyledons. [AS/SS]
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 Record created 1985-05-31, last modified 2019-03-04

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